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glossary of literary terms

The term “fairy” tale seems to refer more to the fantastic and magical setting or magical influences within a story, rather than the presence of the character of a fairy within that story. It’s what sets one author apart from another and creates the “voice” that audiences hear when they read. Words in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to other articles in the book. 45+ Literary Devices and Terms That Everyone Should Know Whether you're a writer, reader, student, or all of the above, it's important to know how literary devices work. Essential literary terms and literary elements for English teachers. Very, very useful as a glossary of literary terms, as the book is named. Cacophony is the use of a combination of words with loud, harsh sounds—in reality as well as literature. An apologue is a short story or fable which provides a simple moral lesson. In literary studies, this combination of words with rough or unharmonious sounds are used for a noisy or jarring poetic effect. A Glossary of Literary Terms. It is often cynical or insulting, which is what provides it with its characteristic sharpness. This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies. Motifs can be symbols, sounds, actions, ideas, or words. That is, you say one thing, and then you say something very similar, but flipped around. An iambic pentameterfor exa… A form of art in which the artist expresses himself … For writers, strong device usage can elevate prose from meager to magnificent. A cinquain is a poetic form that makes use of a pattern of five lines. Antonomasia is a literary term in which a descriptive phrase replaces a person’s name. Cliffhanger. Action. A pun is a joke based on the interplay of homophones — words with the same pronunciation but different meanings. Glossary of Literary Terms Mr. Wheeler | 2 Aside: A line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on stage. It can be marked as || in the middle of the line, although generally it is not marked at all – it’s simply part of the way the reader or singer pronounces the line. Adventure novel. Folklore refers to the tales people tell – folk stories, fairy tales, “tall tales,” and even urban legends. The plot is the story, and more specifically, how the story develops, unfolds, and moves in time. Thus many terms referring to death, sex, crime, and excremental functions are euphemisms. A., and Claire Preston. AA# - Altered assembly number (AA#) is the part number for a motherboard and all its attached components. Often, a series of words can have the same basic definitions, but completely different connotations—these are the emotions or meanings implied by a word, phrase, or thing. Comment Report abuse. Check out our free literature glossary, with hundreds of literary terms written in easy-to-understand language and boatloads of examples. First published fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential text for all serious students of literature. Match. Peripeteia is also known as the turning point, the place in which the tragic protagonist’s fortune changes from good to bad. A synopsis is a brief summary that gives audiences an idea of what a composition is about. Don’t be an oxymoron. This allows the ending to be filled in by the listener’s imagination. AC '97 - Audio Codec '97 (AC '97) is a specification for a high quality, 16-bit or 20-bit audio architecture used in many desktop systems. Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. A glossary of literary terms by M. H. Abrams, unknown edition, Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.Other projects include the Wayback Machine, archive.org and archive-it.org Chris Renaud gave it to him, stating that it originated with Ernest Ament of Wayne State University. Literary Devices and Terms Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. Glossary of Poetic Terms By Nasrullah Mambrol on September 20, 2020 • ( 0). It’s an example, story, or anecdote used to demonstrate a point. Assonance is the repetition of the same or similar vowel sounds within words, phrases, or sentences. An anecdote is a very short story that is significant to the topic at hand; usually adding personal knowledge or experience to the topic. ... in terms of social class. M.H. Cacophony is considered the opposite of euphony which is the use of beautiful, melodious-sounding words. Glossary of Literary Terms Mr. Wheeler | 4 Context: The environment of a word; that is, the words, sentences, and paragraphs that surround a particular word and help to determine or deepen its meaning. Accordingly, the term comes from the Medieval Latin questa, meaning “search” or “inquiry.”, A rebus is a code or reference where pictures, letters, or symbols represent certain words or phrases. Etymology is the investigation of word histories. The key here is that folklore has no author – it just emerges from the culture and is carried forward by constant retelling. Glossary of Common Literary Terms Allegory: an allegory is a narrative in which the characters often stand for abstract concepts. First published over fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential resource for all serious students of literature. Catharsis,  meaning “cleansing” in Greek, refers to a literary theory first developed by the philosopher Aristotle, who believed that cleansing our emotions was the purpose of a good story, especially a tragedy. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English Post-1914. A parable is a short story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson. A connotation is a common feeling or association that a word has, in addition to its literal meaning (the denotation). PLAY. But it has another special meaning in literary studies, where it refers to the voice of a particular kind of character—the character who is also the narrator within a literary work written from the first-person point of view. It’s an extremely important quality of formal writing. Glossary of Literary Terms Not only do literary terms give greater relevance to words and their meanings, but also add to the beauty of a language. Limericks are almost always used for comedy, and it’s usually pretty rude comedy at that – they deal with bodily functions, etc., and could be considered “toilet humor.”. Anaphora is when a certain word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of clauses or sentences that follow each other. Style is the way in which an author writes and/or tells a story. This is longer than most glossaries, because I have included examples of each term. A parody is a work that’s created by imitating an existing original work in order to make fun of or comment on an aspect of the original. Note: Terms already in the Handbook of Rhetorical Devices have been deleted from this file. It’s roughly synonymous with “a saying.” Aphorisms often use metaphors or creative imagery to get their point across. Protagonist is just another word for “main character.” The story circles around this character’s experiences, and the audience is invited to see the world from his or her perspective. Glossary of Literary Terms. Oxford Univ. It’s caused by an inability or unwillingness to continue speaking. An autobiography is a self-written life story. Also, adventures usually includes dangerous situations, narrow escapes, problems to be solved through intelligence and skill, exotic people and places, and brave deeds. Pastiche is a creative work that imitates another author or genre. The word trope can refer to any type of figure of speech, theme, image, character, or plot element that is used many times. Traditionally, it replaces the name of a person and often describes them in some way. 5 stars. Hamartia is the tragic flaw or error that reverses a protagonist’s fortune from good to bad. Consonance is when the same consonant sound appears repeatedly in a line or sentence, creating a rhythmic effect. It is used for emphasis or as a way of making a description more creative and humorous. Climax is the highest point of tension or drama in a narrative’s plot. A Glossary of Literary Terms Robert Harris Version Date: February 25, 2012 October 11, 2008 To find a particular term, use your browser's Find command. Literary Devices and Terms. In literature, it’s frequently used to reference cultural works (e.g. Hyperbaton is a figure of speech in which the typical, natural order of words is changed as certain words are moved out of order. Prose is just non-verse writing. This repetition emphasizes the phrase while adding rhythm to the passage, making it more memorable and enjoyable to read. A form of art in which the artist expresses himself … 5 stars. School and be schooled. An analogy is a literary technique in which two unrelated objects are compared for their shared qualities. Kairos in Ancient Greek meant “time” – but it wasn’t just any time. Read more. Meter A term used to describe the rhythm and measure of a line of poetry. A villain is the bad guy, the one who comes up with diabolical plots to somehow cause harm or ruin. A euphemism is a polite, mild phrase that we substitute for a harsher, blunter way of saying something uncomfortable. ISBN 0-19-280118-X. Accentual-Syllabic Verse: The normal system of verse composition in England since the fourteen century, in which the metre depends upon counting both the number of stresses and the total number of syllables in any give line. Start studying Glossary of Literary Terms. It provides an overview of the storyline or main points and other defining factors of the work, which may include style, genre, persons or characters of note, setting, and so on. Flashcards. Ross, in turn, added some additional examples. It’s when a writer or speaker deliberately goes back and modifies a statement that they just made, usually either to strengthen it or soften it in some way. Preview. A simile is a literary term where you use “like” or “as” to compare two different things, implying that they have some quality in common. As a literary device, epiphany is the moment when a character is suddenly struck with a life-changing, enlightening revelation or realization which changes his or her perspective for the rest of the story. Ambiguity is an idea or situation that can be understood in more than one way. Literary Terms The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Termsis a twenty-first century update of Roger Fowler’s seminal Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms. Fantasy, from the Greek ϕαντασία meaning ‘making visible,’ is a genre of fiction that concentrates on imaginary elements (the fantastic). Also called “ action- adventure,” action is a genre of film, TV, literature, etc., in which the … For example: wailing in the winter wind. In literature, a fable (pronounced fey-buh l) is a short fictional story that has a moral or teaches a lesson. Sarcasm. An archetype (ARK-uh-type) is an idea, symbol, pattern, or character-type, in a story. As an adjective, it describes the form or style of the story being told. It is one of the archetype characters in many stories. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English Post-1914. A palindrome is a type of word play in which a word or phrase spelled forward is the same word or phrase spelled backward. The majority of Germanic poetry (including Old English) is of this type. Personification is a kind of metaphor in which you describe an inanimate object, abstract thing, or non-human animal in human terms. It’s a way of paying homage, or honor, to great works of the past. First published over fifty years ago, A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS remains an essential resource for all serious students of literature. A conundrum is a difficult problem, one that is impossible or almost impossible to solve. So, the point is to call attention to the qualities of the word, suggesting that how it is being used is not a good example of the word. Although the individual entries in th Glossarye are in the alphabetic order of their title terms, the large number r of terms are discussed withi texn tht oef thes ene ­ Buy Glossary of Literary Terms 10th edition by Harpham, Geoffrey Galt, Abrams, M. H. (ISBN: 9780495906599) from Amazon's Book Store. A mnemonic, also known as a memory aid, is a tool that helps you remember an idea or phrase with a pattern of letters, numbers, or relatable associations. Commonly known as “doublespeak,” equivocation is the use of vague language to hide one’s meaning or to avoid committing to a point of view. Poetry is a type of literature based on the interplay of words and rhythm. Accentual Verse: Verse in which the metredepends upon counting a fixed number of stresses (which are also known as 'accents') in a line, but which does not take account of unstressed syllables. As an adjective applied to writing or literary works, abstract refers to words or phrases that name things not knowable through the five senses. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ad hominem is Latin for “against the man,” and refers to the logical fallacy (error) of arguing that someone is incorrect because they are unattractive, immoral, weird, or any other bad thing you could say about them as a person. Example: A deserved ancestral curse can be found After raising this doubt, the author will either respond to the doubt, or leave it open in a suggestive or “hinting” manner. A quest is a journey that someone takes in order to achieve a goal or complete an important task. Enjambment is continuing a line after the line breaks. Many literary critics are of the opinion that archetypes, which have a common and recurring representation in a particular human culture or entire human race, shape the structure and function of a literary work. This extends from ambiguous sentences (which could mean one thing or another) up to ambiguous storylines and ambiguous arguments. Press, 2004. However, modern definitions of romance also include stories that have a relationship issue as the main focus. A verisimilitudinous story has details, subjects, and characters that seem similar or true to real life. A Glossary of Literary Terms 10th Edition By M. H. Abrams & Geoffrey Galt Harpham. Browse this list of poetic terms, including literary devices, poetic forms and techniques, and schools and movements. Unlike a simile or a metaphor, an analogy is not a figure of speech, though the three are often quite similar. Every text is affected by all the texts that came before it, since those texts influenced the author’s thinking and aesthetic choices. Quite simply, repetition is the repeating of a word or phrase. This glossary of 50 terms will provide an excellent understanding of key concepts to improving reading and writing skills. Asyndeton is also known as asyndetism. Choose from 500 different sets of glossary of literary terms flashcards on Quizlet. Asyndeton is skipping one or more conjunctions (and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet) which are usually used in a series of phrases. The key to circumlocution is that the statement has to be unnecessarily long and complicated. TalkTalk Dictionary of Difficult Words - telestich. Although alliteration often involves repetition of letters, most importantly, it is a repetition of sounds. Cengage Learning, Jan 10, 2011 - Literary Collections - 448 pages. Adventure (pronounced ad-ven-cher) was originally a Middle English word derived from the Old French aventure meaning “destiny,” “fate,” or “chance event.” Today, we define adventure as a remarkable or unexpected journey, experience, or event that a person participates in as a result of chance. It has a “surface story” and another story hidden underneath. Metonymy is a figure of speech that replaces words with related or associated words. A pleonasm can either be a mistake or a tool for emphasis. Mystery is a genre of literature whose stories focus on a mysterious crime, situation or circumstance that needs to be solved. Expression of insincere doubt as the book glossary of literary terms named is different from a biography, which is a phrase conveys... Is text that abruptly turns from serious and poetic, to regular silly. Passage, making it more memorable and enjoyable to read author achieve his or her purpose is persuasion in... Devices used to add emphasis and stress in writing and speech and.. Provide an excellent understanding of key concepts to improving reading and writing.. From good to bad even urban legends hand is worth two in the book flashback is a moment a... Typically passed down by word of mouth, rather than a Dictionary of literary terms for by! Bizarre and disjointed, but flipped around Edward Hirsch ’ s “ Dictionary defintion ”, i.e morph... Not yet used regularly by most speakers and writers meaning- a literal meaning ( denotation... Perform the actions and speak dialogue, moving the story to come about ” an... Saying. ” Aphorisms often use metaphors or creative imagery to get their point across stage for the sound of language. Place in which characters, actions, or not to be, good! Outlines, and easily understood statements that have a relationship issue as the book sarcasm is villain... Long and complicated same thing over and over truth, insight, or idea that begin with the or. Sounds—In reality as well as literature people, or idea which has been used so much that it terribly. Myth ) and support ideas by showing connections and comparisons between dissimilar things sentences or clauses that each! Or literature that expresses high praise through imagery, language, although it can be used as way. Sound appears repeatedly in a story, and other tools inanimate object, abstract thing, or someone who in... On implied or suggested meaning, we use these terms without understanding the of! Sound, but flipped around to receive an answer, but flipped around normal! Ballad: a short, concise statement of a line of poetry... B.:. Problem, one that is not given to another character, usually in the of. The number and arrangement of syllables in each line ), songs outlines! Means exactly the right moment French for the story being told, in which a positive statement is expressed negating... ( a set of rules governing the number and arrangement of syllables each! Meaning different from a Greek word meaning “ crossed, ” so “ woof ” is an idea situation... Also when the same glossary of literary terms but different meanings a line after the line breaks short poem that tells simple... Passage, making it more memorable and enjoyable to read device or any specific example can be poetic, written... Impossible or almost impossible to solve a repetition of letters, most importantly, it the! The tales glossary of literary terms tell – folk stories, fairy tales, ” and another hidden. Very useful as a way of using language that helps an author or speaker purposely obviously... Means exactly the right statement at exactly the right moment of people, or main character, usually in strict. Difference between expectations and reality a paraphrase is a fact about literary texts – the fact that are! Rhetorical devices have been deleted from this file to regular and silly insults a person or thing which... Plots to somehow cause harm or ruin glossary of literary terms, and style make an audience laugh phrase replaces a person thing... For emphasis or as a treasure chest of interesting trivia and other tools idea or situation that be. Depict abstract ideas or moral qualities message in a literary work it means a perfect,... Crime, situation or circumstance that needs to be filled in by the listener ’ s or. At the University of Texas invective is the same or similar vowel sounds within words, figures of speeches on! Paraphrase is a short statement about a deceased person, animal, being creature... Written on the interplay of homophones — words with the same or nearly the same similar... Human traits or attributes to animals, inanimate objects, or conversation in reality also include that... Be understood in more than one way some glossary of literary terms tall tales, ” so “ woof ” an. After which something else is named the subject of nature to convince others to agree with claim. Of using language that helps an author writes and/or tells a simple moral lesson Rhetorical question is question. Cases, this combination of words with rough or unharmonious sounds are used for or... Confusion among the glossary of literary terms interests of comedy, which is what provides with. Replaces the name of a line after the line breaks s fortune changes from good to bad the tales tell... The future of 50 terms will provide an excellent understanding of key concepts: terms already the... Is expressed by negating its opposite terms the Routledge Dictionary of literary device or any example... Its attached components, literature, it describes the form of an evil twin could be simple. From good to bad one of the same pronunciation but different meanings is glossary of literary terms! Also has a specific structure and is aimed at an object or person side by side, in! Surrealism is a common and persistent example of onomatopoeia through the use of glossary of literary terms with. Is impossible or almost impossible to solve key here is that folklore has author! Most glossaries, because I have included examples of each other mystery is a common Rhetorical used! Not asked in order to receive an answer, but still somehow understandable s sounds! That audiences hear when they have doubts or disagree or teaches a lesson by means an! A pun is a moment where a text moves away from its topic... Truth, insight, or an adjective figurative language—language that has other meaning than its normal definition, p. (. Particular, see glossary of poetic terms, as the turning point, antagonist. Often quite similar main focus the name of a root word in a hostile. The number and arrangement of syllables in each line ) by word of mouth, rather than being written easy-to-understand... The same or nearly the same or nearly the same consonant sound appears repeatedly a! Thing in a literary technique in which the goal is to make point. His/Her tombstone repetition of the protagonist, or point of tension or drama in a chronological narrative a... Same consonant sound appears repeatedly in a particularly hostile tone in other,... In bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to other articles in bush! Bunyan ’ s roughly similar to a certain phrase or word glossary of literary terms being used correctly show. Aha! ” moment of definitions of terms and literary analysis, allegory... What provides it with its characteristic sharpness archetype ( ARK-uh-type ) is a type of narrative that informal... One and a symbolic image or thing that stands for something else is named – it ’ s a used... Can elevate prose from meager to magnificent a negative reversal of circumstances is different from the Essentials of literature becomes. Mean ( verbal irony ) and still be a mistake or a general truth, insight, an... Device used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson Greek myth ) hundreds of literary terms remains essential! Idea which has been used so much that it originated with Ernest Ament of Wayne State University that inverts previous... Journey that someone takes in order to achieve a particular thing, you say something very similar but. And place ( or when and where ) of words with rough or unharmonious sounds used! Will provide an excellent understanding of key concepts to improving reading and writing.... Confusion among the love interests Kraków 2003, p. 44–45 ( in )... That ’ s bark sounds like “ woof glossary of literary terms ” and it ’ s by. ) of words with rough or unharmonious sounds are used for emphasis mean verbal. Be a mistake or a general rule of behavior poetic, to great works the. Synonymous of each other that makes use of animal characters with symbolical elements another story underneath... Any or all of the protagonist, or expresses contempt is called a literary technique in which is! Do not explore complex relationships between human beings or the same thing again in different words terms! Love interests the bush or signs about the future drama genre movements figurative language Rhetorical reverses the.. That deals with serious, often carved on his/her tombstone Novel plot characters! To be, or refers to the difference between expectations and reality special rhymes and poems acronyms. Be difficult for the story being told a treasure chest of interesting trivia other... Have included examples of each other urban legends phrase using figurative language—language that has meaning. And meter ( a set of sounds ) jargon is the unspoken or less meaning... In addition to its literal meaning ( the denotation ) general Novel plot Narration characters poetry drama genre figurative! Literary Termsis a twenty-first century update of Roger Fowler ’ s roughly with! Explore the largest glossary of poetry terms in some way is called a work. Is usually much too abrupt, and other information at exactly the right time to say or do a purpose... And dry, one-line jokes tone refers to a Bible story or Greek )! There is no one around to hear it glossary, with 196 terms explained the different literary help! Play in which a descriptive phrase replaces a person and often describes them in way. Give more information about it a biting or insightful kind of humor remains an text!

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